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- Ancient city; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon are consided one of the seven wonders of the world . "Is America like ancient Babylon?" -- DJ Vadim featuring Phi-Life Cypher (Ghetto Rebels) 
- "Babylon" in Jamaican English is more or less equivalent to the American expession "The Man". "Babylon" has a broad context in Rastafarian and Jamaican thought, that includes all parts of the current political and economic system that are corrupt and intent on fostering inequity and inequality. See: "Babylon System", by Bob Marley on the Survival Album. So in theory, if a Jamaican cop is bent on doing right by the people, he could theoretically not be "Babylon", but a kid who is wearing his trust fund dreadlocks, tooling around town listening to Busta Rhymes, but will be working in Advertising in six years, could be considered a latent "Babylonian". "And we can not let Babylon continue to play games with us" -- Haiku D'etat (Los Dangerous) 
- "Babylons" can refer to a woman's breasts. Coined by Ali G. "Plus you will get to see me Julie's babylons" -- Ali G Indahouse
- Biblical reference; The Babylonian Captivity of the Jewish people (586 to 538 BC) in the Old Testament and the Psalms. This era of exile and slavery has stuck with the Judeo-Christian mentality, and the prophesized end of the captivity has become a source of hope for all people of faith who are ‘lost’. Hundreds of years after the Babylonian Empire, The Roman Empire captured Asia-Minor. The early Christians saw Rome as a new ‘Babylon’; Rome was to play the part of the “Whore Of Babylon” in the prophesized apocalypse of the Book Of Revelation. The Rastafari movement, which rose in 1930s Jamaica, is based on a pan-African, Garveyite interpretation of Jewish Scripture and the Ethiopian Church. The Rastafarians parallel African slavery with the Egyptian and Babylonian captivities of the Jews. They see the ‘white capitalist power structure’ that has enslaved the African people as ‘Babylon’, and the fall of these oppressors is a large part of Rastafarian prophecy. This symbolic use of ‘Babylon’ can be heard in Rastafari inspired Reggae music and Hip Hop, particularly conscious or "real" rap.
- By the rivers of Babylon,
- Where he sat down,
- And there he wept
- When he remembered Zion.
- (A reference to Psalm 137:1 from the Melodian’s song Rivers Of Babylon.)