The Hoover Criminals Gang (HCG) began as an African-American street gang located in the western district of South Los Angeles, California. The name of this gang derives from a thoroughfare called "Hoover Street", situated between Vermont Avenue and Figueroa Avenue. At one time the Hoovers were one of the most feared gangs in Los Angeles in the post "Watts" era. Known as The "Hoover Groovers" in its earliest conception, this gang pre dates the formation of the Crips. The Hoover Groovers dates back to the late 1960's era and were one of the first gangs to challenge Stanley Tookie Williams' West Side Crips. After an incident nearly brought the two factions at an all out war, the leaders of both the Hoovers and the West Side Crips came to an agreement and joined forces against a common enemy at the time known as the "Figueroa Boys"; prompting the Hoovers to adopt the Crips moniker into their name by the mid 1970s. In the August of 1979, Raymond Washington was murdered in a drive-by shooting. Rumors of the shooters spread throughout the streets of Los Angeles and the blame for his death was placed squarely at the feet of the Hoover Crips by The East Side Crips, sparking a deadly war between the two gangs. By the 1980s, during the Crack epidemic in the South Central region of Los Angeles, the Hoover Crips became one of the most notorious street gangs to participate in the drug trade thanks in part to the efforts of Ricky “Freeway” Ross, who was affiliated with this gang . By the mid 1980s, the Hoover Crips were one of the most feared street gangs in South Central, Los Angeles. Their brutal reputation for gun violence made them one of the first suspect’s to be blamed for gang-related shootings. By the late 1980s, however, The Hoovers were engaged in bitter rivalries with several different Crip sets. Eventually these deep rooted rivalries prompted The Hoovers to drop their "Crip" affiliation and adopt the name "Hoover Criminals" during the 1990s. Today, active members of The Hoovers are sworn enemies of all neighborhoods claiming both the Neighbor Hood Crips card as well as the Gangster Crips card, prompting members to adopt the “ABK” or “EBK” mantra which stands for "Anybody Killer" or "Everybody Killer". It was common to see “BK” (Blood Killer) as well as “CK” (Crip Killer) and “OK” (Rollin 0’s Killer) spray painted on the walls within their territory. The Hoovers are rivals of all Blood gangs, in particular the LA Denver Lane Bloods and Crenshaw Mafia Gang. Other Blood rivals include the Family Swan Bloods, Harvard Park Brims, Van Ness Gangster Brims and the Fruit Town Brims. Known Crip rivals include the Menlo Crips, all East Coast Crips, the Raymond Avenue Crips, Rollin 30s Harlem Crips, Rollin 40s Neighborhood Crips, Rollin 50s Neighborhood Crips, Rollin 60s Neighborhood Crips, Rollin 90s Neighborhood Crips, Rollin 90s West Coast Crips, the Rollin 100s Crips, 87 Gangster Crips, 97 Gangster Crips and the 4 Pacc Crips. The Hoovers are also enemies of most Sureños gangs, specifically the Crazy Riders 13. The Hoover Criminals were once involved in a short lived three way truce between themselves, the Inglewood Family Gang and the Eight Tray Gangster Crips that was coined the "Movin', Su Woopin' & Groovin'" alliance. The ceasefire among those gangs was brought about so that they may collectively concentrate their efforts against both the Rollin 60s Neighborhood Crips and Rollin 90s Neighborhood Crips. However, the friendly, yet volatile relationship between the Eight Tray Gangster Crips and other Hoover Criminal sets claiming "Gangster Killer" ended that partnership. Despite this, The Hoovers remained friendly towards the Inglewood Family Gang, causing friction between the IFG and the LA Denver Lane Bloods. The 52 Hoover Gangster Crips maintained their relationship with the Eight Tray Gangster Crips and retained their "Gangster Crip" identity; thus making The Hoovers the Eight Tray Gangster Crips' closest allies in combating rival Neighbor Hood Crip sets. The 74 Hoover Criminals Gang are allies of the Insane Crips in Long Beach, known as the "Hoosane" alliance. The Hoovers were once allies of the Main Street Mafia Crips, but a shooting of a young member of the 94 Hoover Criminals Gang at a house party on Main Street Mafia Crips turf ended that relationship on a sour note . Today, the Hoover Criminals adopted the color orange but still wear the traditional blue color associated with the Crips. The Hoovers also have the distinction of having many official sets founded outside of Los Angeles County by former members from California. Some of these sets include the 74 Hoover Crips off shoot set in Seattle, Washington along with the 112 Hoover Criminals Gang, 107 Hoover Criminals Gang and the 74 Hoover Criminals Gang in Portland, Oregon. Other factions can be found in Houston, Texas and Oklahoma City.