From Rap Dictionary
The Hoover Criminals Gang (HCG) began as an African-American street gang located in the western district of South Los Angeles, California. The name of this set derives from a thoroughfare called "Hoover Street", situated between Vermont Avenue and Figueroa Avenue. At one time the Hoovers were one of the most feared gangs in Los Angeles in the post "Watts" era. Known as The "Hoover Groovers" in its earliest conception, this gang pre dates the formation of the Crips. The Hoover Groovers dates back to the late 1960's era and were one of the first gangs to challenge Stanley Tookie Williams' West Side Crips. After an incident nearly brought the two factions at an all out war, the leaders of both the Hoovers and the West Side Crips came to an agreement and joined forces against a common enemy at the time known as the Figueroa Boys; prompting the Hoovers to adopt the Crips moniker into their name by the mid 1970s. In the August of 1979, Raymond Washington was murdered in a drive-by shooting. Rumors of the shooters spread throughout the streets of Los Angeles and the blame for his death was placed squarely at the feet of the Hoover Crips by The East Side Crips, sparking a deadly war between the two gangs. By the 1980s, during the Crack epidemic in the South Central region of Los Angeles, California, The Hoover Crips became one of the most notorious street gangs to participate in the drug trade thanks in part to the efforts of Ricky “Freeway” Ross, who was affiliated with this gang . By the mid 1980s, the Hoover Crips were one of the most feared street gangs in South Central, Los Angeles. Their brutal reputation for gun violence made them one of the first suspect’s to be blamed for gang-related shootings. By the late 1980s, however, The Hoovers were engaged in bitter rivalries with several different Crip sets. These deep rooted rivalries prompted The Hoovers to drop their "Crip" moniker and adopt the name "Hoover Criminals" during the 1990s. Today, active members of The Hoovers are sworn enemies of all neighborhoods claiming the Neighbor Hood Crips and Gangster Crips card, prompting members to adopt the “ABK” or “EBK” mantra which stands for "Anybody Killer" or "Everybody Killer". It was common to see “BK” (Blood Killer) as well as “CK” (Crip Killer) and “OK” (Rollin 0’s Killer) spray painted on the walls within their territory. Other rivals include the LA Denver Lane Bloods, Family Swan Bloods, Harvard Park Brims, Van Ness Gangster Brims, Fruit Town Brims, Menlo Crips, all factions of the East Coast Crips, Raymond Avenue Crips, Rollin 30s Harlem Crips, Rollin 40s Neighborhood Crips, Rollin 60s Neighborhood Crips, Rollin 90s Neighborhood Crips, Rollin 100s Crips the Crazy Riders 13 and South Los 13. Although most Hoover sets are generally enemies of gangs under the Gangster Crips card, the 52 Hoover Gangster Crips remained friendly towards the Eight Tray Gangster Crips due to their shared hatred for the Rollin 60s Neighborhood Crips and the 18th Street Gang. The 52 Hoover Gangster Crips are the only Hoover set to retain their "Gangster Crip" identity and moniker in their name. The Hoover Criminals were also involved in a short lived three way truce between themselves, the Inglewood Family Gang and the Eight Tray Gangster Crips against the Rollin 60s Neighborhood Crips and Rollin 90s Neighborhood Crips known as the "Movin', Su Woopin' & Groovin'" alliance. The 74 Hoover Criminals Gang are allies of the Insane Crips in Long Beach, known as the "Hoosane" alliance. The Hoovers were once allies of the Main Street Mafia Crips, but a shooting of a young member of the 94 Hoover Criminals Gang at a house party on Main Street Mafia Crips turf ended that relationship on a sour note . Today, the Hoover Criminals adopted the color orange but still wear the traditional blue color associated with the Crips. The Hoovers also have the distinction of having many official sets founded outside of Los Angeles County by former members from California. Some of these sets include the 74 Hoover Crips off shoot set in Seattle, Washington along with the 112 Hoover Criminals Gang, 107 Hoover Criminals Gang and the 74 Hoover Criminals Gang in Portland, Oregon. Other factions can be found in Houston, Texas and Oklahoma City.